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''It never seizes to surprise me that the anti-Afrocentric crowd believe that because "at
least one pharaoh thought it [Egypt] was at risk of being overrun from the south", this
means that the Egyptians by and large weren't of the same ethnic origin as the people
to the south''
Blame it on 19th and early 20th century egyptologist like James Henery Breasted who translated the word Neshsi to mean negro,which Adolf Erman just trasnlated it to mean riverline Nubians. Funny thing about the Senwroset III steal which rabid racist use as their proof of anti black racism in Ancient egypt,is that the fact that Senwroset III family was of nubian origin. He was attacking them because he was cutlurally Egyptian,not based on race. BY even Breasted defintion of Neshsi these people would be considered Neshsi,and that included just about the whole 12th dyansty,which was thge pinacle of egyptian civlization,where most of the medical,mathematical,and other wisdom texts were composed.
''Egypt was at all times at risk of being invaded from the West (Libai), ''
Egyptians even complained about illegal Libyans coming into their borders. Senworset I has an inscrption that brags about him being the thorat slitter of Asia.
You can also see scenes of Libyan chieftains,who are probally the ancestors of modern day kaybele and berbers who live in Northern Africa,getting tied up and smitted with a mace.
A white alabaster altar stood in the court . Reliefs on the walls
show the king's victories over asiatics and libyans,including on
scene showing the king about to execute a Libyan cheif while his
family begs for his life
page 114 The complete Pyramids
*take note there is also another kind of Libyan which the Kemetians mention which is dark skinned,with very african features,probally ancestral to the Siwa berbers of Fezzan berbers.
''North (Hyksos) ''
You forget though that the Nubians supported the Hykos invaders,which many Egyptologist believe to come from Syropalestinean area.
''East as well (Cambyses ''
You would be correct about this since the Persians were deply hated by the Egyptians.
One of the most funny thing I have seen is that they take something said by Weni,who was a Upper Egyptian commander about using Nubian Mercenaries,and try to turn it into a racial war. The Nubians in Egyptian armies were recruits,not slaves. It is well known that the Nubians in fact showed the Kemetians how to use the composite bow,so the Nubians in Kemetian armies were not slaves but highly trained archers.
One thing that annoys me is that they label black Egyptians as simply being Nubians. Upper Egyptians for the most part have always been black,and really still are.
Except for his curly black hair, with its hint of African negro
blood, he [Shahhat] looked more Arabian than Egyptian; most of the
men in the village were shorter, more heavily built, and had strong
cheekbones, thick noses, and heavy jaws. Among their rugged faces,
Shahhat's stood out as singularly expressive."
The reader might conclude from such a description that Critchfield's
initial attraction to Shahhat was due to the fact that his features
were much less African than those of the majority of Upper Egyptians.
Ironically, that is the attitude of some inhabitants of northern
Egypt, who refuse to acknowledge Upper Egyptians as Arabs, and
consider darker skin to be a negative trait. Such prejudice is the
second challenge which faces Upper Egyptians, in addition to poverty:
Although I did take issue with the presumably inadvertent racial
implications of Critchfield's observations, Shahhat, an Egyptian is
an entertaining and vivid introduction to the richness and diversity
of rural Egyptian life.
Uzra Zeya is a program coordinator for the American Educational Trust
specializing in Islamic affairs.
Advise and Dissent and Shahhat, an Egyptian are available from the
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